Today I'm going to talk about the difference between the words near and nearby. Their meaning is very similar; the difference is how they are used in the sentence.
NEAR can be a preposition or an adverb. As a preposition, it is followed by a complement:
I live near the museum; There is a supermarket near here.
As an adverb, near appears at the end of the sentence:
The next bus stop is quite near.
She's getting nervous because her wedding is very near!
NEARBY, on the contrary, is an adjective, and it can appear before and after a noun.
There is a nearby church.
The nearby town is famous for its wine.
There is a park nearby.
Nearby can also appear "alone", but it is still an adjective: the shop is nearby/very expensive. Or an adverb! I live nearby (= I live near here)
Finally, here I post a video of a teacher explaining all this (remember that you can activate the subtitles!):